cannabis edible, also known as a cannabis-infused food or simply an edible, is a food product (either homemade or produced commercially) that contains decarboxylated cannabinoids (cannabinoid acids converted to their orally bioactive form) from cannabis extract as an active ingredient.[1] Although edible may refer to either a food or a drink, a cannabis-infused drink may be referred to more specifically as a liquid edible or drinkable. Edibles are a way to consume cannabis.[1] Unlike smoking, in which cannabinoids are inhaled into the lungs and pass rapidly into the bloodstream, peaking in about ten minutes and wearing off in a couple of hours, cannabis edibles may take hours to digest, and their effects may peak two to three hours after consumption and persist for six to twenty hours. The food or drink used may affect both the timing and potency of the dose ingested.[2][3]

Most edibles contain a significant amount of THC, which can induce a wide range of effects, including relaxation, sleepiness, dizziness, dry mouth, euphoria, depersonalization and/or derealization, hallucinations, paranoia, and decreased or increased anxiety.[4] THC-dominant edibles are consumed for recreational and medical purposes.[5] Some edibles contain a negligible amount of THC and are instead dominant in other cannabinoids, most commonly cannabidiol (CBD).[6] The main characteristic of cannabis edibles is that they take longer to affect users compared to smoked cannabis.[3]

Foods and beverages made from non-psychoactive cannabis products are known as hemp foods.[7]  


The earliest mention of cannabis-infused food was as far back as 2000 B.C. in India.[9] Known as one of the oldest cannabis traditions, Bhang – a cannabis-infused drink made with yogurt, nuts, spices, and rose water – is an official drink of Holi, a highly celebrated and revered festival celebrated by the people of the Hindu community in India revering Shiva or Kali.[10][11] The oil-solubility of cannabis extracts was also known to ancient Indians, with Sanskrit recipes requiring cannabis to be sautéed in ghee before mixing it with other ingredients.[12]: 7 [13]

Majoun (cannabis jam) is another early type of edible first created by the nomadic Berber tribes of North Africa sometime around the 11th century.[14] The traditional Majoun recipe calls for cannabis extract, datura seeds, honey, nuts, kif (a mixture of kief), and sometimes dates and figs.[14]